COLONEL KUKLINSKI INTELLIGENCE MUSEUM, WARSAW
Stare Miasto ul. Kanonia 20/22, Warsaw. (Old Town).
A PRIVATE MUSEUM IN HONOUR OF COLONEL RYSZARD KUKLINSKI
The museum is in honour of the Polish colonel Ryszard Kukliński (1930-2004), one of the most valuable and high-ranking Western spy in the Soviet military system. The museum tells the story of his life and shows some of the materials, especially military maps, that he handed over to the CIA, the American Intelligence Service.
THE MOST SECRET MILITARY DOCUMENTS WERE DELIVERED TO CIA
Kukliński was the chief of a planning unit in the Polish army and responsible for liaising with the top Soviet military leadership. From 1972 until 1981 he supplied the CIA with 42,000 pages of secret documents, such as:
- Soviet military operational attack plans on Western Europe.
- Specifications of more than 200 Soviet weapon systems.
- Detailed plans of secret command bunkers.
- Methods to avoid spy satellite detection.
HIS REASON FOR SPYING
Kukliński received no money for his activities. He was motivated only by the wish to promote Polish national interests. He contacted the CIA on his own initiative and was working on his own; not even his family knew what he was doing. He lost his loyalty to the Communist system and the Soviet army for several reasons:
- He realized that if there were a war, Poland would be a focus of nuclear attack, leading to the total destruction of the country and its population.
- The brutality of the authorities against the striking workers.
- Polish participation in the invasion of Czechoslovakia.
HIS ESCAPE, DEATH SENTENCE AND REHABILITATION
Kukliński had to flee urgently to the United States with his wife and two sons following a breach in CIA security. In U.S. he changed his name and was under constant protection. But he paid a high price for his activities: both his sons died under suspicious circumstances that were almost certainly murder.
Kukliński was seen as a traitor among Communists and a hero among anti-Communists. He was sentenced to death in absentia in 1984 by a secret military court in Warsaw, but fully rehabilitated in 1997. He died in 2004 and has been posthumously awarded with the honorary citizenship of many Polish towns, including Gdansk and Krakow. He is buried in the Honour Row of Powązki Military Cemetery in Warsaw.