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Book an exhibition

Several museums around the Baltic Sea have produced exhibitions that can be lent to other museums, municipalities, organizations, institutions or anyone who has room for an exhibition. >>

Invite an eyewitness

Some people with marked experiences from the Cold War period have promised to be available for visits and thematic lectures both in their own and foreign countries. It is a great opportunity to meet people who can offer first-hand impressions of events from the period. >>

Publications

Here can be found reports and books in which the Baltic Initiative and Network has been production partner >>

THE BALTIC INITIATIVE AND NETWORK

PROTECTION OF HISTORICALLY VALUABLE INSTALLATIONS AND SITES FROM THE COLD WAR PERIOD

DENMARK
BEVARING AF HISTORISK VÆRDIFULDE ANLÆG OG LOKALITETER FRA PERIODEN MED DEN KOLDE KRIG

ESTONIA
KÜLMA SÕJA AEGSETE AJALOOLISE VÄÄRTUSEGA RAJATISTE JA PAIKADE KAITSE

FINLAND
KYLMÄN SODAN AIKAISTEN HISTORIALLISESTI ARVOKKAIDEN RAKENTEIDEN JA KOHTEIDEN SUOJELU

GERMANY
DER SCHUTZ HISTORISCH BEDEUTSAMER ANLAGEN UND GEDENKSTÄTTEN AUS DER ZEITPERIODE DES KALTEN KRIEGES

ICELAND
VARÐVEISLA MANNVIRKJA OG SÖGUSTAÐA ÚR KALDASTRÍÐINU

LATVIA
VĒSTURISKI NOZĪMĪGU AUKSTĀ KARA INSTALĀCIJU (OBJEKTU) UN VIETU AIZSARDZĪBA

LITHUANIA
ŠALTOJO KARO PERIODO ISTORIŠKAI VERTINGŲ ĮRENGINIŲ IR VIETOVIŲ IŠSAUGOJIMAS

NORWAY
BEVARING AV HISTORISK VERDIFULLE ANLEGG OG OMRÅDER FRA DEN KALDE KRIGENS TID

POLAND
OCHRONA WARTOŚCIOWYCH POD WZGLĘDEM HISTORYCZNYM INSTALACJI, MIEJSC ORAZ OBSZARÓW Z OKRESU ZIMNEJ WOJNY

RUSSIA
ОХРАНА ИСТОРИЧЕСКИ ЗНАЧИМЫХ СООРУЖЕНИЙ И ОБЪЕКТОВ ЭПОХИ ХОЛОДНОЙ ВОЙНЫ

SWEDEN
BEVARANDET AV HISTORISKT VÄRDEFULLA LÄMNINGAR FRÅN KALLA KRIGETS EPOK

 

THE IDEA AND OBJECTIVES

The main objective of the Initiative is to strengthen mutual understanding between the countries around the Baltic Sea through an exchange of information on the Cold War period. The idea is that history should be told from the historically valuable sites at which events took place. Relevant sites include, for example: military installations and towns, prisons and prison camps, partisan bunkers, execution sites, secret police offices, sculptures and architecture or simple squares or buildings where memorable events took place.

The information is normally handled by museums. We believe that recent history can be told, effectively, from these sites – it happened here - with the significant help of eye witnesses. The main task up until now has been to initiate and participate in concrete, international activities and co-operation projects that can improve this mutual understanding. Our main activity thus far has been to support and participate in international cooperation projects that strengthen these activities.

 

THE ORGANISATION

THE ADVISORY GROUP

The Initiative and Network is an informal circle of active people who agree with the Initiative’s aims and work as described in the following text under Our Subject Field. The Initiative is started by an Initiative Group in 2004. The Initiative and Network is led by an Advisory Group which consists of the following members:

  • Mr. Helmuth Frauendorfer, Vice Director, Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial (former STASI prison), Germany.
  • Ms. Lidia Klupsz, Expert, National Centre for Historical Monument Studies and Documentation, Poland. President of ICOMOS, International Scientific Committee on Fortification and Military Heritage, ICOFORT.
  • Mr. Peter Wetterberg, Former Regional Manager, Swedish Military Heritage, Sweden.
  • Mr. Kristjan Luts, Director, Estonian War Museum – General Laidoner Museum, Estonia.
  • Elena Zhemkova, Executive Director, and Dmitryi Kokorin, Development Director, MEMORIAL Moscow (International Historical and Human Right Society)
  • Mr. Johannes Bach Rasmussen, The Baltic Initiative and Network, Denmark.

Mr. Johannes Bach Rasmussen is the Secretary of the Advisory Group.
Contact: rasmussen@johannesbach.dk

Mr. Morten Kjaergaard, www.mokj.dk, is Communication and Design Consultant.

 

The National Contact Persons

The Initiative and Network has one or two National Contact Persons in each of the member countries.

DENMARK

Mr. Niels Moes
Project Manager
The Rebild Centre (with Cold War section under development)
Røde Møllevej 4, 9520 Skørping, Denmark
Tel.: +45 98 37 55 00, E-mail: niels@moes.dk

Mr. Peder Jacob Ellehave Kragh 
Master of Science in History 
Chairman of the Danish History Joint Council 
Sadelmagervej 16, 2400 København NV
Tel: +45 35 85 87 06, E-mail: Peder.Kragh@greve-gym.dk

ESTONIA

Mr. Kristjan Luts
Director
Laidoner Museum/Estonian National War Museum.
Also representative for Estonia Heritage Society
Moisa tee 1, Viimsi 74001, Harjumaa
Tel.: +372 621 7410, E-mail: kristjan@laidoner.ee.

FINLAND

Ms. Lena Selén
Museum Manager
Degerby Igor Museum
Furuborgsvägen 6, 10160 Degerby
Tel.: +358-40-7514921, E-mail: lena.selen@kolumbus.fi

GERMANY

Mr. Andreas Wagner
Scientific employee, Dr.
“Politische Memoriale”, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Severinstrasse 6, 19053 Schwerin
Tel.: +49 03 85-7 58 73 11, E-mail: info@polmem-mv.de

Mr. Helmuth Frauendorfer
Vice Director Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial
Genslerstrasse 66, 13055 Berlin
Tel.: 0049 1737211004, E-mail: h.frauendorfer@stiftung-hsh.de

ICELAND

Mr. Fridthor Eydal
Information Manager, Keflavik International Airport
Aviation and military museum (under development)
co. Fridthor Eydal, Lækjharhjalla 8, 200 Kopavogur, s. 664-0361
Tel.: 354 425 0600, E-mail: fridthor.eydal@kefairport.is

LATVIA

Mr. Andris Biedrins
Chairman,
Industrial Heritage Trust of Latvia
Sergeja Eizensteina iela 6, Riga, LV-1079
Tel.: +371 7097174, Mob.tel. + 371 9531097, E-mail: abiedrins@apollo.lv

LITHUANIA

Mr. Dalius Zygelis
Head of a programme ”Live Memory”.
Memorial Department of the
Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania.
Auku 2A, LT-01113 Vilnius,
Tel.: + 370 5 266 3278, E-mail: dalius.zygelis@genocid.lt

Mr. Giedrius Norvaišas
Director
Žemaitija National Park, Žemaitija Missile Base
Didžioji 8, LT-90420 Plateliai, Plungė dstr.
Tel.: +370 (8448) 49337, E-mail: dir@zemaitijosnp.lt

NORWAY

Ms. Roberta Luciani Havran
Senior Architect
Nasjonale Festningsverk (Ministry of Defence)
P.O. Box 405 Sentrum, N-0103, Oslo
Tel.: +47 23 09 36 05, E-mail: roberta.havran@ forsvarsbygg.no

Mr. Karl Lorentz Kleve
Curator
National Norwegian Aviation Museum
P.O. Box 1184, N-8001 Bodo Tel.: +47 75 50 78 56 (work) / +47 975 85 311 (cell)
E-mail: klk@luftfartsmuseum.no

POLAND

Ms. Danuta Kobzdej
President
Solidarity Centre Foundation
ul. Wały Piastowskie 24, 80 - 855 Gdansk
Tel.: +48 58 308 44 28, E-mail: d.kobzdej@fcs.org.pl

Ms. Lidia Klupsz
Expert.
(Also president of ICOMOS, International Scientific Committee on Fortification and Military Heritage, ICOFORT).
National Centre for Historical Monument Studies and Documentation
Ul. Szwolezerow 9, 00-464 Warsaw
Tel.: +48 22 628 48 41, Mob.tel: +48 22 629 37 91, E-mail: klidka@gmail.com

RUSSIA

Mr. Dmitry Kokorin
Director for Development
MEMORIAL, Moscow, (Human Right organisation)
Maly Karetny Pereulok 12, Moscow, 127051
Tel.: +7-916-7129255, E-mail: kokorin@memo.ru

Mr. Andrei Zonin
Director for Programs and Education
Institute for Cultural Programs, St. Petersburg (St. Petersburg Municipality)
8 Rubinstein Street, 191025, St. Petersburg
Tel.: +7 812 570-40-44, E-mail: zonin@icp.sp.ru

SWEDEN

Mr. Peter Wetterberg
Former Regional Manager, Swedish Military Heritage.
Box 14095, SE-104 41 Stockholm
Tel.: 0046 706637819. Email: peterwetterberg@hotmail.com

 

THE HONORARY BOARD

Denmark

  • Mr. Uffe Ellemann-Jensen. Former Foreign Minister.
  • Mr. Brian Mikkelsen, Member of the Danish Parliament. Former Minister for Culture, for Justice and for Economic Affairs and Business.
  • Mr. Kjeld Hillingsø. Lieutenant General (retired). Former Inspector of the Danish Army and NATO Commander Allied Forces Baltic Approaches.
  • Mr. Niels Jørgen Thøgersen. Former Director for Information in EU. (Special contact person to EU).
  • Ms. Rikke Helms. Former Director, the Danish Cultural Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia.
  • Mr. Jan Eriksen. Director, the Danish Outdoor Council.

Estonia

  • Mr. Trivimi Velliste. Former Foreign Minister and Estonian ambassador to United Nations. Co-founder, former chairman and today Honorary Chairman of the Estonian Heritage Society.
  • Mr. Indrek Tarand. Member of the European Parliament. Former director of Estonian War Museum-General Laidoner Museum.

Finland

  • Mr. Pär Stenbäck. Minister (Hon.). Former Foreign Minister and Minister of Education. Former Secretary General of the Nordic Council of Ministers.
  • Mr. Pentti Airio. Brigade General (retired). Chairman of the Association of Military History.
  • Mr. Ove Enqvist. Commander (retired). Chairman of the Finnish Society for Coast Artillery Traditions.

Germany

  • Mr. Markus Meckel. Former Foreign Minister. Former dissident in GDR. Member of German Bundestag 1990-2009. Chairman of the Council, Federal Foundation for the Reappraisal of Communist Dictatorship. Member Board, European Network Remembrance and Solidarity. Member Advisory Office, Federal Commissioner for the Stasi-Archives.
  • Ms. Anna Kaminsky. Executive Director, Federal Foundation for the Reappraisal of Communist Dictatorship.
  • Mr. Hubertus Knabe. Director, Memorial Berlin-Hohenschönhausen.

Iceland

  • Mr. Jón Baldvin Hannibalsson. Former social democratic leader and Minister for Foreign Affairs and External Trade of Iceland.

Latvia

  • Ms. Sandra Kalniete . Former Foreign Minister and EU Commissar. Member of the European Parliament. Chair of the Reconciliation of European Histories group in the European Parliament.
  • Mr. Valters Nollendorfs. Professor Emeritus. Chairman of the Board, Occupation Museum Association of Latvia.

Lithuania

  • Mr. Vytautas Landsbergis. Former Head of State of Lithuania. Member of the European Parliament.
  • Mr. Arvydas Anušauskas. Member of the Lithuanian Parliament. Chairman of the Committee on National Security and Defense.
  • Mr. Albinas Kentra. Chairman of the Lithuanian Freedom Fighters and Forest Brothers Association.
  • Ms. Audra Sabaliauskiene. Former Director, the Danish Cultural Institute, Vilnius.

Norway

  • Mr. Anders C. Sjaastad. Former Minister of Defense. The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs.
  • Mr. Gullow Gjeseth. Major General (retired). The Norwegian Institute for Defense Studies.

Poland

  • Mr. Bogdan Borusewicz. President of The Senate. Former leading member of Solidarity trade union.
  • Mr. Basil Kerski. Director, European Solidarity Centre, Gdansk.

Russia

  • Mr. Arseny Roginsky. Co-founder and President of MEMORIAL, Moscow. International historical and human rights society.

Sweden

  • Mr. Anders Björck. Former Minister of Defense and Governor of Uppsala County.
  • Mr. Leif H. Sjöström. Ambassador (retired). Former Director-General and Commandant of the Swedish Coast Guard. Former Consul-General of Sweden in Hamburg.
  • Mr. Leif Törnquist. Colonel (retired). Former Director General of the National Swedish Museums of Military History.
  • Mr. Christian Braunstein. Lieutenant-colonel (retired). Former Head of Swedish Military Heritage.

 

THE SUBJECT FIELD

The subject field of the Baltic Initiative and Network is defined by:

  • The participating countries
  • Definition of the members of the Network
  • Themes of interest
  • Installations and sites of interest to network activities
  • Historical periods of interest
  • Fields of activities
  • Demarcation of the country areas of interest around the Baltic Sea
  • The target groups of the network activities.

These subjects are described in the following text.

PARTICIPATING COUNTRIES

The participating countries are (by alphabetic succession): Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden.

DEFINITION OF THE MEMBERS OF THE NETWORK

The Members of the Network must be: Authorities, NGO organisations, institutions, private persons or museums with their main interest in registration, protection and running of sites, installations or exhibitions and at the same time having an interest in promoting or dealing with information activities about recent history, mainly the Cold War period.

THEMES OF INTEREST

The themes of interest of the Initiative are:

  • The military situation – the balance of power – between east (The Warsaw Pact) and west (mainly NATO) in the Cold War period
  • The communist regime in former Soviet countries including activities relating to independence.

INSTALLATIONS AND SITES OF INTEREST TO NETWORK ACTIVITIES

The following, main types of installations and sites can be of interest to network activities:

  • Installations and sites connected to military activities (for example military bases)
  • Installation and sites connected to civil activities (for example prisons)
  • Memorials, sculptures and architecture
  • Locations on which historical events took place (demonstrations, mass meetings etc.)
  • Installations and sites connected to partisan activities
  • Museums engaged in information about recent history.

HISTORICAL PERIODS OF INTEREST

The network activities should focus on the historical period from 1945 until 1991 also described as the Cold War period. It can also be logical and necessary, in connection with information activities from certain sites, to involve historical periods before and after the Cold War period. The important point of view for the network activities will be that the focus is on the history of the Cold War period.

It must be stressed that the Network is not only focusing on Cold War activities (connected to installations and sites) when mentioning the Cold War period. Some activities cannot be defined as Cold War activities, for example national partisan activities after 1945 in several Soviet countries.

 

FIELD OF ACTIVITIES

The activities of the network should promote:

  • international knowledge to the Initiative and the Network Organisation
  • registration, protection and necessary restoring of historically valuable installations and sites
  • information activities connected to sites with a “history-telling” potential
  • public admittance to installations and sites with a “history-telling” potential
  • exchange of exhibitions and original museums objects among Network Members
  • integration of sites in tourist activities, including strengthening of national and international tourist information activities
  • information directed toward young people and new generations
  • integration of eyewitnesses in information activities
  • information about protection of historically valuable sites without public admittance directed toward private and public owners/users of these sites (e.g. military installations, buildings with former secret police offices)
  • exchange of experience among Network Members.

DEMARCATION OF THE COUNTRY AREAS OF INTEREST AROUND THE BALTIC SEA

The following geographical limitation is valid for each country:

  • Denmark, Estonia, Iceland, Latvia and Lithuania. The whole area of each country is included.
  • Finland, Norway, Sweden. The whole area of each country is included. Sites of interest are mainly military installations in the coastal zone, so demarcation is probably not necessary.
  • Germany, Russia and Poland. Coastal regions plus capitals are included for each of the countries.

It is important that the capitals are included in the Initiative. Central authorities, institutions and museums are normally located in the capitals, and have often a special and considerable “history-telling” value.