TED SIBERIAN YURT. THE OPEN AIR MUSEUM OF LITHUANIA, RUMSISKES
J. Aisčio g. 2, Rumšiškės (10 km east of Kaunas).
May – September: Wednesday – Sunday: 10:00 – 18:00. The park is open until 20:00 all year around. Only the park is open on Mondays and Tuesday, not the interior exhibitions. October - April: Tuesday – Sunday: 10:00 – 18:00. Interior exhibitions can only be visited with a guide from the museum.
Guided tours are conducted in English, German, Polish and Russian. Guided tours must be booked in advance. Tel.: +370 346 47392. Possibilities for thematic excursions (including local food tasting), hobbies and educational programs.
Recent history is represented at the Open Air Museum by:
- A reconstructed peat hut, a yurt, built and used by deported Lithuanian people north of the Polar Circle.
- A cattle wagon used for deportation.
- A reconstructed partisan bunker (a guide is needed to visit the bunker. Call the museum administration in advance).
THE DEPORTATIONS TO SIBERIA “FOR THE REST OF YOUR LIFE”
In the summer of 1941, arrests and mass deportations took place in all Baltic countries. The deportations involved 18,000 Lithuanians. The reason for these deportations was simply to use the people as slave labour or, in the words of the official Communist documents to the deported people, to send them: “to remote regions of Siberia for the rest of your life”. The deportations were characterized by a separation of the men from the women and children. The men were sent to GULAG camps. Many people were sent to the Laptev Sea region, north of the Polar Circle with permanent frost. The stay was marked by cold, hunger, disease and death, which hit the old and the children first and foremost. In 1942-43, half of all deported Karelian Finns and a third of the Lithuanians on the island Trofimovsk died. After Stalin’s death, many of the survivors could return to Lithuania.