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MUSEUM OF THE POPULAR FRONT. TALLINN

ADDRESS

Vabaduse väljak 9, Tallinn.

WEBSITE

facebook.com/rrmuuseum

OPENING HOURS

Wednesday-Sunday: 10:00-17:00.

 

From the so-called Hirvepark demonstration held in August 1988 and organized by the Estonian Popular Front. It was dangerous to organize or participate in such demonstrations in 1988. The largest posters at the demonstration that year declared “Freedom for Estonia” and “Let’s Live without Lies”.
The Hirvepark demonstration became a tradition and was held on the anniversary of the 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Estonia became a part of the Soviet “sphere of influence”. The Soviet Union subsequently occupied the independent Estonia, motivated by the need for Soviet troops in the country. Estonia was later annexed into the Soviet Union.

The Baltic popular fronts organized a 600-km-long human chain, the Baltic Way, from Tallinn to Vilnius on the 50th anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.

11 September 1988. Around 300,000 people came together for the Estonian Song Festival in the Tallinn Song Festival Grounds. This was the greatest and most massive event in Estonian history. It was organized by the Estonian Popular Front and is today an important tradition in Estonia. (Photo: Just before the opening of the 25th Estonian Song Festival (2009) at the Tallinn Song Festival Grounds).

The museum is located in the south-east corner of Vabaduse Square, under the stairs leading to the tunnel that runs beneath Kaarli puiestee Street.

From the exhibition.

From the exhibition.

From the exhibition.

The Estonian Popular Front was a political movement that evolved out of a civil initiative in 1988. It represented an open challenge to the Soviet power, established in Estonia since 1940. The Popular Front managed to bring people together in a peaceful struggle for democracy and sovereignty.

The Estonian Popular Front became an example and model for similar civil movements in other Soviet Republics. Given its emphasis on democratic values and its step-by-step progress, the movement enjoyed continuous support that made it the most extensive civil movement in all of Estonian history.